ACCRA in Ethiopia is a consortium made up of Care International, Oxfam, Save the Children, World Vision and key government actors including, Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS), Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), National Metrological Agency (NMA), Ministry of Environmental Protection and Forest (MoEPF). These are key institutions that support citizens in adapting to climate change. Follow this link to see full details of ACCRA consortium members.
In addition to the DFID and CDKN global grants, ACCRA in Ethiopia receives funding from the Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) and the German Embassy Climate Fund.
In Ethiopia, ACCRA works at the national, regional and Woreda (district) levels and also with communities through our consortium members. We work with key multi-sector stakeholders with an interest in Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), such as donors, INGOs, national civil society, research institutions and vulnerable communities.
To achieve change, ACCRA uses an integrated, three-track approach with three nationally led, designed and delivered operational components: research, policy advocacy and capacity building. It works with multi-sector stakeholders with an interest in climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR), including donors, other INGOs, national civil society and research institutions. Outlined below are three change processes showing successes in influencing change at the local, regional and national level are a result of ACCRA’s operational approach.
ACCRA’s strong partnership with DRMFSS has meant that ACCRA’s participatory approach and evidence from pilot projects is being integrated into the roll out of a national disaster planning. These elements and the Local Adaptive Capacity Framework (link) have been integrated into Woreda level DRR planning. That comprises: guidelines, Training of Trainers and support to Woredas to develop Woreda DRR and Contingency Plan. Through this work, ACCRA is ensuring local level planners take into account climate change and other future trends into DRR planning.
A good practice guide for DRM is available here.
The Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) is Ethiopia’s development vision to gain middle-income status by 2025 through climate resilient green growth. ACCRA is working with MoEPF to support the capacity of Woredas and regions to put CRGE into practice. This is being done through the design of the Woreda level CRGE investment plans. The accompanying investment planning manual, is being piloted to test the approach. ACCRA seeks to bring input from the local level into regional and national level planning and implementation of CRGE.
More details on CRGE’s innovative vision and ACCRA’s contribution are available on this case study
ACCRA is also proactively engaging key government and civil society actors to see benefits of linking DRM and CCA. Using a unique gradual training approach, over six months stakeholders are being trained and coached on how to mainstream CCA and DRM into processes, policy, programmes and practice.
Read more about ACCRA’s approach to capacity building and how to mainstream DRR and CCA with government and civil society at national level here
85% of Ethiopians are dependent on rain for their livelihoods, either as smallholder farmers or pastoralists. This means that most of these 66 million people are highly vulnerable to the frequently occurring drought and floods that affect the country.
Although climate variability is not new to Ethiopia, ever-decreasing plot sizes and natural resource degradation have made livelihoods more tenuous. At the same time, communities report that in recent years, the weather has been more unpredictable and droughts more frequent. This has a particularly significant impact on women who travel ever-greater distances to collect water and firewood, as well as filling the gap left by failed agriculture with small scale trading activities.
As well as coming at high cost to the millions of food insecure Ethiopians, this also threatens the country’s plans for economic growth. Last year, Oxfam estimated that drought alone, costs Ethiopia more than £1 billion per year . Predictions show that temperatures will continue to rise , with a correspondingly likely increase in the areas affected by drought and desertification.
Climate change is a key concern for the Government of Ethiopia. Meles Zenawi, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia has been vocal in calling for emissions cuts and adaptation finance in the international climate negotiations. In addition, domestically a number of social protection and disaster risk management programmes are underway, including the largest safety net in Africa – the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). More recently, the Carbon Neutral Climate Resilient Economy initiative has been developed as the national strategy for both adaptation and low-carbon growth.
Despite these efforts, there is still much to be done. In order to ensure the inclusion of the most vulnerable in the country’s plans for growth, two things need to happen. First, more evidence is needed to identify how best to support the worst affected communities to adapt. Second, better coordination between actors working on disaster risk management, social protection and climate change adaptation will help to direct adaptation finance in support of vulnerable women and men.
For more information on ACCRA in Ethiopia, please contact our national coordinator, Charlotte Stemmer - Charlotte Stemmer