ACCRA in Mozambique is a consortium made up of Care International, Oxfam, World Vision, and is led by Save the Children. Its extended committee includes key government actors Ministry of Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA) and the Ministry of Planning and Development (MPD). ACCRA in Mozambique works with government and civil society organisations (CSOs) to integrate climate change adaptation into policy, programmes and practice. Internationally, ACCRA works on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction across Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda Follow this link to see full details of ACCRA consortium members.
In Mozambique, ACCRA works both at the provincial and national level, working with rural communities through the consortium members and their community based adaptation (CBO) partners. Its successes are a result of its unique operational approach. To achieve change, ACCRA uses an integrated, three-track approach with three nationally led, designed and delivered operational components: research, policy advocacy and capacity building. Outlined below are four change processes showing successes in influencing change at the local, regional and national level are a result of ACCRA’s operational approach
ACCRA’s gap and capacity analysis at the national and sub-national level on climate change and adaptation for government has guided its work in country. This analysed government, consortium members’ and donors’ climate change initiatives. This rich research is the evidence base upon which ACCRA has strengthened its long-standing partnerships with MICOA and MPD. The analysis has concentrated ACCRA’s work with government on integrating climate change adaptation into public planning and focusing capacity building work at the often-neglected provincial and district levels. To date ACCRA, MICOA, UNDP and DANIDA’s collaborative and co-produced training methodology has been rolled out across northern, central and southern Mozambique, scaling up ACCRA’s pilot districts to reach 45 of Mozambique’s 128 districts. This training for impact uses Local Adaptation Plans (LAP) as a vehicle for training and anchors the LAP in the district planning process to support integration. This training system has begun to strengthen government process and practice and involves communities’ in decision-making processes, whilst integrating climate change and adaptation into development planning.
ACCRA had direct input into the Government’s Climate Change National Strategy. MICOA has been leading the development of this national strategy which was finalised and launched in November 2012. This is a critical government initiative and seeks to address ongoing and worsening disasters that the country continues to experience. ACCRA members were part of the government led committee which drafted the strategy. ACCRA consortium members provided community level information and learning that was integrated into this policy.
ACCRA works to strengthen systems of information and knowledge. One such area of multi-stakeholder engagement and collaboration is its work with the Tracking Adaptation Measuring Development (TAMD) group. TAMD is a pilot framework to track adaptation and measure its impact on development. Working in collaboration with others, ACCRA is supporting the design of indicators to assess risk management and resilience at many levels. This is a new area of strategic engagement for ACCRA and responds to the national and international need, in a context of increasing climate finance, for tools to analyse the extent to which adaptation interventions work for development.
ACCRA Mozambique is pioneering an alternative model of working with national CSOs. Instead of supporting a traditional coalition model based on bringing CSOs together on a given issue, it has made use of its consortium’s existing and strong relationships with partner organisations to establish a network structure, starting with Save the Children’s national partners. Working with this network (Red de Crianca) means working with diverse organisations working on education, health, children’s rights, livelihoods and has supported integration of climate change into programmes as a cross-cutting issue. Additionally, ACCRA /Save the Children set up a working group in this network to look at child protection in CCA and child-centred DRR. In this way ACCRA Mozambique is supporting national organisations and consortium members to integrate CCA and DRR into the way they work with vulnerable communities, with an emphasis on the impact of climate change on children.
Mozambique is highly vulnerable to climate hazards, variability and change. More than 60% of the population live close to the country’s extensive coastline and are frequently affected by cyclones and storms. Inland floods are very common as large areas are below sea level and close to the numerous large rivers flowing to the Indian Ocean.
Increasingly high temperatures and unpredictable rain put the 80% of the population who are dependent on rain-fed agriculture at risk. Infertile soils, endemic diseases, poor infrastructure, low literacy and rapid population growth compound the situation.
There are strong Government commitments to disaster risk reduction and climate change issues in the country. The INGC – the National Disaster Management Institution has a presence in most areas and has worked hard to reduce the risks communities face from floods and cyclones.
In addition, most development strategies include commitments to Climate Change Adaptation. The country has a social protection policy under the auspices of the Ministry of Women and Social Welfare, and many actors, including WFP and NGOs, are implementing activities under this policy.
Despite the high vulnerability and need on the one hand and the commitment of the government on the other, there is still a lot of work to do. Both evidence-based policies and increased capacity are needed in order to increase vulnerable people’s ability to cope with shocks and adapt to climate change.
For more information on ACCRA in Mozambique, please contact our national coordinator, Melq Gomes - Melq Gomes